Factors Associated with Chronic Child Malnutrition in Peru

Autores/as

  • Melanie Trujillo-Roldan Instituto de Investigación de Ciencias Biomédicas (INICIB), Facultad de Medicina Humana, Universidad Ricardo Palma. Lima, Perú.
  • Luis Roldán-Arbieto Escuela de Postgrado en Gestión Pública de la Universidad Tecnológica del Perú. Lima, Perú https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3779-5404
  • Jesús E. Talavera Instituto de Investigación de Ciencias Biomédicas (INICIB), Facultad de Medicina Humana, Universidad Ricardo Palma. Lima, Perú https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0267-2105
  • Miguel A Perez Universidad Estatal de California, Fresno, Salud Pública. EE.UU https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5234-9568
  • Lucy E. Correa López Instituto de Investigación de Ciencias Biomédicas (INICIB), Facultad de Medicina Humana, Universidad Ricardo Palma. Lima, Perú https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7892-4391
  • Jhony De La Cruz-Vargas Instituto de Investigación de Ciencias Biomédicas (INICIB), Facultad de Medicina Humana, Universidad Ricardo Palma. Lima, Perú

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.19136/hs.a21n2.4862

Resumen

Abstract


Objective: To investigate factors associated with chronic malnutrition among children aged five and under in Peru.
Materials and Methods: Secondary data analysis based on the Peruvian 2018 Demographic and Family Health Survey.
Results: Child’s age (PR = 1.01; 95% CI: 1.009 to 1.015) and living in a rural area (PR = 1.36; 95% CI: 1.21 to 1.54) were
associated with a higher risk of chronic malnutrition in the sample. Educational level, wealth index, and not belonging to the publicly funded Comedor Popular nutrition program, were identified as protective factors to chronic malnutrition.
Conclusion: Being under five and living in a rural area was associated with an increased risk of chronic malnutrition in children residing in Peru. A higher wealth index and mother’s level of education decrease the chances of chronic  alnutrition in children under five years of age.

Keywords: Malnutrition; Child, Preschool; Infant; Risk factors,
Public health

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Publicado

2022-04-08

Cómo citar

Trujillo-Roldan, M., Roldán-Arbieto, L., Talavera, J. E., Perez, M. A., Correa López, L. E., & De La Cruz-Vargas, J. (2022). Factors Associated with Chronic Child Malnutrition in Peru. Horizonte Sanitario, 21(2), 158-167. https://doi.org/10.19136/hs.a21n2.4862

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